Bulletin of the Iraq Natural History Museum (P-ISSN: 1017-8678 , E-ISSN: 2311-9799) https://jnhm.uobaghdad.edu.iq/index.php/BINHM <h2><strong>Bulletin of the Iraq Natural History Museum</strong></h2> <p><strong><em><u>Aim&nbsp;and&nbsp;Scope</u></em></strong></p> <p>The Bulletin of the Iraq Natural History Museum, that's affiliated with the Iraq Natural History Research Center&nbsp;and&nbsp;Museum / University&nbsp;of Baghdad, which founded in 1961&nbsp;and&nbsp;is a peer reviewed, scientific open access journal, publishing original articles, reviwes and&nbsp;case reports (short communication) in the natural history sciences. This journal is published two times per year (Biannual).<br><br>Bulletin of the Iraq Natural History Museum publishes 8-12 articles in each issue, according to the priority of manuscript acceptance. The variation in research areas for each issue is considered.</p> <p>The financial support of the Bulletin of the Iraq Natural History Museum comes from the publication fees paid by authors only.</p> <p><br><u>Subjects:</u><br>Natural history of Biology (Animals, Plants&nbsp;and&nbsp;Fungi), Systematics, Biodiversity, Wildlife Sciences, Comparative Anatomy of Wildlife Animals, Wildlife Ecology,&nbsp; Ecosystems, Natural Resources&nbsp;and&nbsp;Geology that includes: Paleontology, Rocks, Minerals, Geomorphology, Geoparks and Geodiversity.</p> <p>Open Access Policy:</p> <p>Bulletine of the Iraq Natural History Museum is an open access journal, so there are no fees required for downloading any publication from the journal website by authors, readers, and institutions.&nbsp;</p> Iraq Natural History Research Center and Museum en-US Bulletin of the Iraq Natural History Museum (P-ISSN: 1017-8678 , E-ISSN: 2311-9799) 1017-8678 PETROLOGY AND PROVENANCE OF THE NATURAL STONE TOOLS FROM Al-DALMAJ ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE, MESOPOTAMIAN PLAIN, IRAQ https://jnhm.uobaghdad.edu.iq/index.php/BINHM/article/view/506 <p>Many stone tools were found on a hill south of the Hor Al-Dalmaj which is located in the central part of the alluvial plain of Mesopotamia, between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. The types of rocks from which the studied stone tools were made are not found in the alluvial plain, because it consists of friable sand, silt, and clay. All existing sediments were precipitated in riverine environments such as point bar, over bank, and floodplain sediments. The collected stone tools were described with a magnifying glass (10 x) and a polarized microscope after they were thin sectioned. Microscopic analysis showed that these stone tools are made of sedimentary, volcanic igneous and metamorphic rocks, such as: sandstones, limestones, chert, conglomerate, rhyolite, basalt, mica schist, and quartzite.<br>The current studied stone tools were used by ancient humans as pestles, querns, scrapers, and knives. The present study showed that these tools were transported from outside the alluvial plain of Mesopotamia. A stone tool at the archaeological site of Al-Dalmaj indicates that there were some trade routes that connected this site with its surrounding; in addition to the economic, and that might occurred cultural exchanges during the Neolithic Period.<br><br></p> Aqeel A. Al- Zubaidi Varoujan Sissakian Hassan K. Jassim Copyright (c) 0 2021-06-20 2021-06-20 16 3 231 251 10.26842/binhm.7.2021.16.3.0231 THE FALCONS (FALCONIFORMES, FALCONIDAE) VOUCHER COLLECTION IN THE IRAQ NATURAL HISTORY RESEARCH CENTER AND MUSEUM (INHM) https://jnhm.uobaghdad.edu.iq/index.php/BINHM/article/view/507 <p>A total of 45 voucher specimens of falcons which are deposited in the bird's collection of the Iraq Natural History Research Center and Museum (INHM) were reviewed. Mummified falcons were preserved as voucher study specimens and tagged with museum collection labels. In the current study, morphometrics of six species of the genus Falco Linnaeus, 1758: Lanner falcon F. biarmicus Temminck, 1825; Sacker Falcon F. cherrug Gray, 1834; Lesser Kestrel F. naumanni Fleischer, 1818; Peregrine Falcon F. peregrines Tunstall, 1771; Eurasian Hobby F. subbuteo Linnaeus, 1758 and Common Kestrel F. tinnunculus Linnaeus, 1758 were documented.<br>These species were recorded previously in the ornithological literatures by several authors and deposited in the museum collection; nevertheless, breeding and migrating of these birds are still occurring throughout Iraq. Furthermore, the current distribution ranges and conservation status of each of the mentioned species throughout Iraq were reviewed and comprehensively discussed.<br><br></p> Afkar M. Hadi Hind D. Hadi Suhad Y. Jassim Noor H. Yousif Copyright (c) 0 2021-06-20 2021-06-20 16 3 253 266 10.26842/binhm.7.2021.16.3.0253 SURVEY OF PREDATOR AND PARASITOID INSECTS IN DUHOK PROVINCE, KURDISTAN REGION, IRAQ https://jnhm.uobaghdad.edu.iq/index.php/BINHM/article/view/508 <p>A total of 47 species belonging to 46 genera, 34 subfamilies, 23 families and 7 orders of predator and parasitoid insects were collected and identified. The survey was conducted throughout the program held by the General Directorate of Agriculture-Duhok, in cooperating with the College of Agricultural Engineering Sciences in Duhok Province, Kurdistan Region, Iraq from May 2013 to April 2014.<br>The species hosts, collecting date, locality and distributions are given. The current checklist also included some species previously collected by other researchers in Duhok Province.<br><br></p> Feyroz Ramadan Hassan Copyright (c) 0 2021-06-20 2021-06-20 16 3 267 282 10.26842/binhm.7.2021.16.3.0267 FIRST RECORD OF OPILIO KAKUNINI SNEGOVAYA, COKENDOLPHER & MOZAFFARIAN, 2018 (ARACHNIDA, OPILIONES, PHALANGIIDAE) FROM IRAQ https://jnhm.uobaghdad.edu.iq/index.php/BINHM/article/view/510 <p>The species of Opilio kakunini Snegovaya, Cokendolpher &amp; Mozaffarian, 2018 was recorded for the first time in Iraq; as well as to four species belonging to this order which were recorded previously. In this paper, we added a new species to the checklist of Iraqi opilionid fauna with a description of the most important characteristics, along with genitalia, for both males and females are presented with digital photographs. Specimens of males and females were collected from Al- Rifai district northern of Dhi-Qar Province, southern of Iraq.<br>&nbsp;</p> Shurooq Abdullah Najim Mustafa Jawad Al-Fayyadh Copyright (c) 0 2021-06-20 2021-06-20 16 3 283 290 10.26842/binhm.7.2021.16.3.0283 SPERGULARIA IRAQENSIS (CARYOPHYLLACEAE), A NEW SPECIES FROM IRAQ https://jnhm.uobaghdad.edu.iq/index.php/BINHM/article/view/511 <p>Spergularia iraqensis sp. nov. is described as a new species from Iraq. This species has been collected from Diyala Province in the central east of Iraq; it is closely related to Spergularia rubra (L.) J. Presl &amp; C. Presl, 1819 and Spergularia bocconei (Scheele) Graebn., 1919.<br>The distinguishing of the morphological characteristics of the new species alongside the two similar species are discussed with photographs, and an identification key is given for Spergularia iraqensis and other closely related species.<br><br></p> Ali Haloob Ali H. E. Al-Musawi Harb Adeel Copyright (c) 0 2021-06-20 2021-06-20 16 3 291 299 10.26842/binhm.7.2021.16.3.0291 ORE GENESIS AND MINOR ELEMENTS OF OROGENIC GOLD DEPOSIT AT TAMILOUW– HAYA, SERAM ISLAND, INDONESIA https://jnhm.uobaghdad.edu.iq/index.php/BINHM/article/view/512 <p>The orogenic gold deposit of Tamilouw – Haya is hosted by slate and metapelitic rocks within Tehoru metamorphic complex. Gold and polymetallic sulfides mineralization at study area is predominantly formed in the form of veins, stockwork and breccia although minor dissemination is slightly appeared in the rock float samples. They are trapped and controlled by NE-SW and NNE-SSW trending geologic structure occurred during orogeny process from Late Miocene to Pliocene. The common ore minerals assemblage at Tamilouw – Haya deposit are dominated by native gold, chalcopyrite, pyrite, sphalerite, galena, pyrrhotite, tetrahedrite-tennantite (sulphosalt), marcasite,realgar, kalininite and arsenopyrite as hypogene minerals and accompanied by covellite, hematite, goethite and malachite as the supergene minerals.<br>Ore genesis and minor elements study of pyrite, galena, and sphalerite at Tamilouw – Haya was done using 3 methods approach. There were 46 samples used for ore microscopy analysis and 10 samples for SEM-EDX and Micro-XRF analyses to obtain their mutual relationship interpretation and paragenetic sequence. Ore mineral textures showed disseminated textures, simultaneous crystallization (intergrowth), inclusions, replacements, and exsolutions-decomposition textures.<br>Average content of Co is 0.21 wt. % and Ni is 0.10 wt. % which may reflect the Co : Ni ratio is 2.86 in pyrite. It means that Co content is higher than Ni and indicates that pyrite origin may be related to volcano-hydrothermal, metamorphosed and skarn-hydrothermal type. In comparison with pyrite, the average contents of minor elements in sphalerite shows Fe content is 9.16 wt.%, Ga is 0.99 wt.%, Ge is 0.12 wt.% and log Ga/Ge ranging from &lt; 0.36 to 2.27 wt.%. Moreover, average precious metal contents within galena shows that Au contents<br>Ore genesis and minor elements of orogenic gold<br>is &lt; 0.01 – 2.78 wt.% and Ag is 0.12-0.31 wt.%. On the basis of the previous descriptions, high content of Fe in pyrite and sphalerite, Ga &gt; Ge, Co &gt; Ni in pyrite and low content of Ag in Galena indicated that pyrite, galena, and sphalerite from Tamilouw – Haya were formed under high to moderate temperature condition at 5.1-7.6 km paleodepth.<br><br></p> Herfien Samalehu Arifudin Idrus I Gede Sukadana Copyright (c) 0 2021-06-20 2021-06-20 16 3 301 323 10.26842/binhm.7.2021.16.3.0301 ON THE ECOLOGY AND SPECIES DIVERSITY OF THE FRESHWATER GASTROPODS OF SPRINGS IN ANDIJAN REGION, UZBEKISTAN https://jnhm.uobaghdad.edu.iq/index.php/BINHM/article/view/513 <p>This study examines the species composition, biodiversity, zoogeography, and ecology of freshwater gastropods of 12 springs in Andijan region of Uzbekistan. The study used generally accepted malacological, faunistic, ecological, analytical, and statistical methods. As a result of research in the springs, 14 species of freshwater gastropods belonging to 2 subclasses, 5 families, and 10 genera were recorded. 7 of them are endemic to Central Asia. When indicators of biodiversity of mollusks were analyzed according to the Shannon index, it was found that the highest value was recorded in the springs besides the hills. According to the biotope of distribution and bioecological features, they were divided into cryophilic, phytophilic, pelophilic, and eurybiontic ecological groups. The mollusks, which are common in the springs, were divided into 3 groups according to their faunal similarity. The contribution of the Central Asian and European-Siberian species to the formation of the malacofauna in the springs of the Andijan region was significant.<br><br></p> Abduvaiet P. Pazilov Farrukh U. Umarov Copyright (c) 0 2021-06-20 2021-06-20 16 3 325 340 10.26842/binhm.7.2021.16.3.0325 CALCAREOUS NANNOFOSSILS BIOSTRATIGRAPHY OF JADDALA FORMATION IN WELL (AJEEL-10), CENTRAL IRAQ https://jnhm.uobaghdad.edu.iq/index.php/BINHM/article/view/514 <p>A detailed systematic study of calcareous nannofossils was carried out for the Jaddala Formation in (Aj-10) well, Central Iraq. Seventy one species belong to twenty four genera of calcareous nannofossils were identified including sixty two of them were previously named and nine species were identified for the first time and they would not be given names until more information is obtained in the future to support this identification.<br>It is a recorded of five biostratigraphic zone, which suggested the age of the Jaddala Formation to be of early to late Eocene. The recorded biozone includes the following: Reticulofenestra dictyoda (Deflandre in Deflandre &amp; Fert, 1954) Stradner &amp; Edwards, 1968 Partial Range Biozone (CNE 5); Discoaster sublodoensis Bramlette and Sullivan, 1961 Interval biozone (CNE 6-7); Nannotetrina cristata (Martini, 1958) Perch-Nielsen, 1971 Interval biozone (CNE 8); Nannotetrina alata (Martini in Martini &amp; Stradner, 1960) Haq and Lohmann, 1976 Interval biozone (CNE 9); Chiasmolithus gigas Bramlette &amp; Sullivan, 1961Range Biozone (CNE 10-11).<br><br></p> Israa Sabah Al-Nuaimi Omar Ahmed Al-Badrani Copyright (c) 0 2021-06-20 2021-06-20 16 3 341 358 10.26842/binhm.7.2021.16.3.0341 MULTIVARIATE ANALYSIS OF THE STEM ANATOMICAL CHARACTERS OF TERMINALIA L. (COMBRETACEAE) IN EGYPT https://jnhm.uobaghdad.edu.iq/index.php/BINHM/article/view/515 <p>A comparative investigation of the anatomical characters through a microscopical examination of the prepared transverse sections of the stem was carried out. Six plates with 32 photomicrographs were provided to convincingly show the considerable variations of anatomical characters within the nine examined species. The matrix of 18 anatomical characters which included nine quantitative and nine qualitative was applied for the clustering analysis (CA) followed by the principal component analysis (PCA) using the Multivariate Analysis of Ecological Data, PC-ORD.<br>The results exhibited significant variations among the species resulting in the construction of an artificial key; this key accurately represents a sufficient tool to display the considerable variation among the recognized species prominently. The distinction between Terminalia L., 1767 species based on significant variations in the elements of stem anatomy; axial parenchyma and ray characteristics were considered as important parameters, while vessel diameter, fiber wall thickness, etc. were considered minor characters to differentiate between the studied species. The potential usefulness of the differentiation of these species properly maintains a profound efficiency in pharmaceutical and traditional medicine.<br><br></p> Nahed Waly Heba Moustafa Rim Hamdy Ashraf Soliman Copyright (c) 0 2021-06-20 2021-06-20 16 3 359 387 10.26842/binhm.7.2021.16.3.0359 REDESCRIPTION OF SCORPIO KRUGLOVI (BIRULA, 1910) (SCORPIONES, SCORPIONIDAE) FROM THI QAR PROVINCE, SOUTH OF IRAQ https://jnhm.uobaghdad.edu.iq/index.php/BINHM/article/view/516 <p>Information on the scorpions' fauna of Iraq is limited especially in Thi Qar Province. The scorpion specimens of the present study were collected from the desert area which is located between the provinces of Thi Qar and Al-Muthana (Al-Kata'a region). The Scorpio kruglovi (Birula, 1910) redescribed in this study was found in this area. The diagnostic characters are given and the important features are figured.<br><br></p> Ghassan A. Ali Al-Yacoub Murtatha Y. M. Al-Abbad Dhia K. Kareem Copyright (c) 0 2021-06-20 2021-06-20 16 3 389 398 10.26842/binhm.7.2021.16.3.0389