• Omar F. Al-Sheikhly Department of Biology, College of Science, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq
  • Heimo Mikkola University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland
  • Seyd B. Mousavi Independent Researcher, Islamic Republic of Iran
Keywords: Conservation, Eagle owl, Field identification, Iraq, Iran.


The easternmost extent of the Pharaoh Eagle Owl Bubo ascalaphus (Savigny, 1809)
distribution has remained enigmatic due to id entification problems and lack of owl research.
In Iraq, B. ascalaphus has been reported from only few localities in western Iraqi deserts;
while its occurrence in Iran has not been reported before this study. In 2017 2020, several
new records of B. ascala phus in western through southeastern Iraq were made and a new
distribution range in western Iran was confirmed. Furthermore, field identification,
interspecific relationships and conservation status of B. ascalaphus in Iraq and Iran were
comprehensively di scussed.


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