AN EVALUATION OF INVASIVE PEST, RED PALM WEEVIL RHYNCHOPHORUS FERRUGINEUS (OLIVIER, 1790) (COLEOPTERA, CURCULIONIDAE) POPULATION IN IRAQ

  • Mohammed M. Alderawii Basrah Department of Plant Protection, Ministry of Agriculture, Basrah, Iraq
  • Aqeel A. Alyousuf Department of Plant Protection, College of Agriculture, University of Basrah, Basrah, Iraq
  • Samir A. Hasan Plant Protection Directorate, Iraqi Ministry of Agriculture, Baghdad, Iraq
  • Jasim K. Mohammed Plant Protection Directorate, Iraqi Ministry of Agriculture, Baghdad, Iraq
  • Hussein A. Jappar Basrah Department of Plant Protection, Ministry of Agriculture, Basrah, Iraq
  • Sulochana Paudyal Apex Bait Technologies Inc, CA, USA
Keywords: Date Palm, Iraq, Invasive pest, Red Palm Weevil, Monitoring.

Abstract

The Red Palm Weevil (RPW), Rhynchophorus ferrugineus (Olivier, 1790) is a devastating invasive pest of palm trees, invading the Iraqi date palm tree in 2015 for the first time in Safwan county, Basrah province. The Red Palm weevil has been categorized as a quarantine pest of date palm trees worldwide. In this study, a five years monitoring program has been achieved by scouting the invasive pest RPW population in Safwan county by using visual sampling and Pheromone baited traps.
The results indicated that the number of infested palms, increased from 12 trees in 2015 to 111 in 16 orchards in 2016. The number of the infested palms was minimized to 3 trees in the county in 2019 due to the management protocol of the Ministry of Agriculture. Furthermore, the results of RPW adults appeared monthly in the county with two activity peaks during the moderate-temperature-months.
In conclusion, the quarantine and management protocol of RPW decreased the population of the invasive pest which did not spread to other districts of Iraq.

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Published
2020-12-21
Section
Articles